Connexor Machinese Syntax for Finnish

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Connexorin suomen jäsennin



The tool is available in Kielipankki - the Language Bank of Finland on the Taito server at CSC - Center for Scientific Computing (

fi-fdg analyzes Finnish text according to a functional depencency grammar. The output is either in text format or a proprietary XML format. The Connexor parsers are available on Taito-shell (user guide: and accessible to Language Bank users (members of the group kieli).


taito, taito-shell


Version: Connexor FDG 3.8


Machinese Syntax
Connexor FDG3 3.8 for Finnish
(c) Connexor oy, 1997-2002


Note that fi-fdg expects latin1 as input encoding, so we need to convert from and to Taito-shell's utf8 encoding.

[c306]> echo "Tässä testaamme ohjelmaa." |iconv -futf8 -tlatin1| fi-fdg |iconv -flatin1 -tutf8


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE analysis SYSTEM "">
<analysis><sentence id="w1">
<token id="w2"> <text>Tässä</text> <lemma>tämä</lemma> <depend head="w3">loc</depend> <tags><syntax>@NH</syntax> <morpho>PRON SG INE</morpho></tags></token>
<token id="w3"> <text>testaamme</text> <lemma>testata</lemma> <depend head="w1">main</depend> <tags><syntax>@MAIN</syntax> <morpho>V ACT IND PRES PL P1</morpho></tags></token>
<token id="w4"> <text>ohjelmaa</text> <lemma>ohjelma</lemma> <depend head="w3">obj</depend> <tags><syntax>@NH</syntax> <morpho>N SG PTV</morpho></tags></token>
<token id="w5"> <text>.</text> <lemma>.</lemma></token>

Help, Manuals and Documentation

fi-fdg is included in the module kieli which is loaded as a default for all language research users. The module can be loaded manually with the command module load kieli.

help commands:

fi-fdg --help
More information

usage: fi-fdg [-flags] files
-h -- print this page
-v -- print version
-k --keep-sgml -- let markup codes and comments pass through the parser
--xml -- print output as XML (only in FDG; default)
--text -- print output as text
--dtd -- print XML output with the DTD (only in FDG)
--tagset -- output starts with the tag descriptions (in XML; only in FDG)
--tagset-dtd -- with the DTD for the tag descriptions (only in FDG)
--custom=file -- apply a custom lexicon
--port=number -- start the server mode and listen to the given port
--message -- each message is analysed separately

View resource description in all available languages

Työkalu on saatavilla Kielipankin sovelluspalvelimella (

Connexorin fi-fdg-jäsennin analysoi suomenkielistä tekstiä funktionaalisen dependenssikieliopin mukaan. Työkalu on käytettävissä Kielipankin sovelluspalvelimella ( Ohjeet Taito-palvelimen käyttöön:

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